/home/disk/tao/data/mosaic/computer_helps/index.htmland everyone has write permission for this file. Keep your write-up short, and include your name and the date of your contribution.
UNIX/LINUX to IBM
.Z, .gz, .pdf)
Harry Edmon and David Warren of UW Atmospheric Sciences maintain the computer network, and questions having to do with the network should be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org. Harry and David will also answer other questions, but the groups within JISAO have chosen not to fund them to provide general software support, so keep that in mind if you write to them.
If a Macintosh does not respond to keyboard input, simultaneously depress the "control", "apple" (it's an apple logo), and "triangle that is tipped up on one corner" (upper right part of keyboard) keys.Todd Mitchell, July 2000.
From the terminal of your Apple computer, type
to copy file "filename" from "username"s acccount on the "unixmachine" machine to "target_directory" on the Apple computer. For example,
will copy "work.pdf" from the "mitchell" home directory on
"ecfc.atmos.washington.edu" (a UNIX machine) to the Desktop directory on Todd
Mitchell's Apple computer. Doing the copy
from the Apple computer avoids having to set up an
Todd Mitchell, August 2009.
scp mitchell@ecfc:work.pdf ~/Desktop
Filezilla generates a GUI, and you should type the following into
"Host" box: "sftp://username:password@machinename" (no quotes)
followed by a "return"
where username and password are your username and password on the workstation
machinename will be something like "piura.atmos.washington.edu".
You will then see your Apple directories on the left side of the GUI, and your workstation home directory on the right side of the GUI. Drag the file / directory (?) of interest from the left to the right.
Todd Mitchell, November 2012.
David Warren recommends that you run Word on the IBM but save the Word document on a workstation. The workstation files are backed up, but the IBM files are not.
ps2epsi filename.ps filename.epsi.
Files are commonly compressed so that they take up less room on a disk and so that they are easier to send on the internet. Consider a PostScript for a figure, "sfctempudg.nam.ps". This file, and several versions of this file under different compressions take up the following amounts of bytes:
bytes filename kind of compression 1470815 sfctempudg.nam.ps original, uncompressed file 340378 sfctempudg.nam.pdf Portable Document Format -- good for papers 469995 sfctempudg.nam.ps.Z UNIX compression 359608 sfctempudg.nam.ps.gz gzip -- UNIX-, IBM-, Apple-compatibleFor a figure PostScript file, the 3 compressions are similar in efficiency. PDF should be more efficient for files with lots of text. I don't think that you can recover data from a file that has been turned into a PDF file. In general you want to use PDF for papers, and gzip otherwise.
How to create compressed files:
How to uncompress or read:
Todd Mitchell -
Original contribution by Imke Durre.
sofficeand this will start the "Star Office" software that will open all of these file formats. The first tim you use soffice it will ask a bunch of questions. You should select the default "standard workstation installation" (or something like that) where it downloads software from the network everytime you use soffice. I encourage someone to edit this WWW page with more specific information on the wording of the above option.
Todd Mitchell - February 2000
Each file and directory has with it information on who is able to
read, write, or use a file. This is a basic UNIX idea, and typing
man chmod will provide a description of this concept. To
change the write permission on a directory, its subdirectories, and
all files therein, type
chmod -R g+w directoryname.
Todd Mitchell - May 2000
Pictures on WWW pages are files in either GIF or JPEG image
formats. Up to this point we have used only GIF files on the JISAO
WWW pages, but apparently JPEG files are of higher quality and future
WWW pages will be written with JPEG images. One of the key
differences between GIF and JPEG is that JPEG files can resolve much
finer gradations in color.
XVutility will convert GIF or TIFF files into JPEG.
pstoppm filename.ps | cjpeg > filename.jpg
djpeg -pnm filename.jpg | pnmtops > filename.ps
djpeg -pnm filename.jpg | pnmtops | lpr -Pprintername
Todd Mitchell - January 2002
In the south computer room there is a workstation ("muggy") that has a color scanner attached to it. The following are the steps to scan an image. 1) You must sit at the "muggy" console and log in. 2) The utilities "xscanimage" and "gimp" are available for scanning images. "Gimp" is the fancier utility. a) xscanimage produces files in "portable anymap" format, for which filenames end in ".pnm". The command "pnmtops filename.pnm > filename.ps" (no double quotes) converts from pnm to PostScript. b) type "gimp" (no double quotes). You will get a little schematic menu, select the "Xtns" menu, select "acquire image", "epson", and then you will get the same graphical user interface as with xscanimage. To convert the image into a PostScript file, place the cursor over the image, depress the right button, and select "save as". You will get a window, and, under "Save Options, Determine file type", depress the "By extension" menu, and select Postscript.
Todd Mitchell - October 2001
Graphics and word processing software are only maintained on the SUN machines at JISAO.
Please add to this list.
Todd Mitchell - February 2002
If you have a CDROM that has html files, you can view these files one of the two following ways.
Put the CDROM into the CDROM-reader of a machine, let's call the
Method 1: The URL for the WWW browser (running on machineA) should be: "file:/cdrom/" (no quotes)
Method 2: What should be an equivalent way to do this is to go to the JISAO WWW page directory, /home/disk/tao/data/mosaic/, and write symbolic link to the cdrom-reader (
ln -s /home/cdrom/cdrom0/
somename. The URL for the browser (running on machineA) should be
"http://jisao.washington.edu/somename" (no double quotes). This
method does not quite work right now.
Todd Mitchell - February 2002
On the SUN machines, there is a utility called "htmltidy" which will find errors in your HTML files, and even provide you with a clean file if you like: "htmltidy filename.html > output.html" (no quotes).
There are lots of options for this utility: "htmltidy -h" (no quotes)
Todd Mitchell - May 2002
The script currently only works on linux boxes, so you should run it from muggy.
To run the script on a matlab directory (e.g. ~/matlab) and put the HTML files under my web directory ~/public_html/matlab, you would do the following:
ssh muggy ~rennert/bin/noarch/matlab2html -dirmfiles ~/matlab -dirhtml ~/public_html/matlab/Make sure the call to matlab2html has all of the options on one line. There may be some error output, but things seem to work anyway. If you followed the above example, then your web pages are available at http://www.atmos.washington.edu/~your_username/matlab/
It should also be noted that, if you're not interested in having your matlab scripts visible for the world to see, you can put the web files in a local directory and look at them there. For example, if I'd like to keep the matlab html files in my home directory under the subdirectory matlab_html_files , I would do:
ssh muggy ~rennert/bin/noarch/matlab2html -dirmfiles ~/matlab -dirhtml ~/matlab_html_files/and point my browser at the local files by going to the file URL: file:///home/disk/atmos/rennert/matlab_html_files
There are lots of options, try using just the
--helpoption for a list of the main ones. The author credits for the initial two scripts that have been hacked are located in the script source code.
Kevin Rennert - May 2003
du -sk /home/disk/diskname/* | sort -rn
Todd Mitchell - December 2008
Todd Mitchell - March 2009
It is common to have a large number of files that you want to transfer to someone at another institution. This is can be done in two steps:
wget -r -nd --no-parent http://www.atmos.washington.edu/~your_login_name/subdirectoryname
Todd Mitchell - August 2010
I obtained the following information from David Warren and used the first method with partial success.
to move /a/c and everything in it to /b/c : Method 1: cd /a tar cf - c | (cd /b; tar xvfp -) c will be copied from under /a to under /b and the dates should be preserved. Check that this method moves all of the files, by using "du -k" before and after. It wasn't moving all of the files for me, and I thought that write permissions had something to do with this. David Warren ended up moving the directories for me. Method 2: It looks like cp has an option for this as well so cp -r -p c /b will recursively copy c into /b and preserve dates. The one thing tar does that cp doesn't is it also preserves linksTodd Mitchell - October 2010
Todd Mitchell <email@example.com> November 2012